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GDF Overview

Welcome to the future.

Take a trip 1km underground, several decades from now, to explore what a Geological Disposal Facility (GDF) might look like:


The radioactive waste resulting from power generation, medicine, defence and other industries needs to be managed carefully. Existing waste is currently stored above ground at more than 30 sites around the UK. These surface stores can be safe for many decades, but require continuous protection to keep them secure and in good condition, as the waste remains radioactive for hundreds of thousands of years.

UK sites handling radioactive waste

UK sites handling radioactive waste

There is international consensus that geological disposal is the safest and most secure way to manage higher activity waste for the long term, and that a Geological Disposal Facility (GDF) will ensure that the responsibility of continually protecting this waste is not passed on to future generations.

A diagram showing the sources of radioactive waste and the process for managing radioactive waste through treatment, packaging, interim storage and then permanent disposal in a GDF.

Source and management of radioactive waste.